1 edition of The ratoon stunting disease of sugarcane and its control in Florida found in the catalog.
The ratoon stunting disease of sugarcane and its control in Florida
Edwin H. Todd
by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service in [Beltsville, Md.]
Written in English
|Statement||[ Edwin H. Todd]|
|Series||ARS 34 -- 12, ARS 34 -- 12.|
|Contributions||United States. Agricultural Research Service|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||7 p. :|
Ratoon stunting disease (RSD) caused by the bacterium, Clavibacter xyli subsp xyli is a serious disease of sugarcane. Since one of the major transmission of this disease is through infected planting materials, it is essential to detect infection particularly on plants that serve as source of planting trc-music.com: G.C. Molina, L.M. Dolores, P.L. Tocino. His book, Sugarcane and Its Diseases, published by LSU Press in , was the first comprehensive treatise on this subject. Antonios G. Plakidas () discovered that the widespread degeneration disease of strawberries was viral in nature. In , he published a bulletin entitled Diseases of Some Vegetable and Fruit Crops and their Control.
Ratoon stunting disease (RSD) will cause substantial yield losses in all of the varieties recommended for major planting. This disease can be controlled only by the continuous planting of RSD-free seed-cane. In addition, RSD is spread mechanically, so equipment should be . List of sugarcane diseases. Language Watch Edit This Ratoon stunting disease Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli: Red stripe (top rot) Diseases in Sugarcane, Sugarcane Handbook, University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Last edited on 6 July , at Gumming disease: Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. .
Ratooning is the agricultural practice of harvesting a monocot crop by cutting most of the above-ground portion but leaving the roots and the growing shoot apices intact so as to allow the plants to recover and produce a fresh crop in the next season. This practice is widely used in the cultivation of crops such as rice, sugarcane, banana, and pineapple. SUGARCANE YIELD LOSS DUE TO RATOON STUNT Jack C. Comstock USDA-ARS sugarcane Field Station, U. S. Highway , Canal Point, Florida commercial cultivars currently grown in the Florida sugarcane industry, and control practices Sugarcane yield loss due to ratoon stunt
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Jun 01, · Ratoon stunting disease (RSD) is one of the most economically damaging disease if not the most damaging to sugarcane worldwide with yield losses ranging from near zero to 30% or more depending on variety and growing conditions. Historially, the standard control practice has been heat-therapy of seedcane in conjunction with disease-free narseries in order to produce RSD-free Cited by: Ratoon stunting disease is widely regarded as causing greater economic loss to the cane sugar industries throughout the world than any other disease (Hughes, ); yet paradoxically, few other diseases of sugarcane are less trc-music.com losses have frequently been estimated at 5 to 10% overall.
cane is still necessary to completely control the disease. References Bailey, R. A., and S. Tough. “Ratoon stunting disease: Survival of Clavibacter xyli subsp.
xyli, in field soil and its spread to newly planted sugarcane.” Proceedings of the Annual Congress South African Sugar Technologists’. This book provides complete scientific information of an important bacterial sugarcane disease (Ratoon Stunting Disease), which is the major cause of ratoon failure in the world.
Due to this approach (in the form of this book), plant pathologist can identify the disease and can develop control trc-music.com: $ Jul 13, · Incidences of ratoon stunting disease (RSD), caused by Leifsonia xyli subsp.
xyli and yellow leaf, caused by Sugarcane yellow leaf virus (SCYLV), were assessed for. This disease is now recognized as the most important bacterial disease of sugarcane in India causing substantial loss in cane yield.
The name ‘ratoon stunting disease’ is a misnomer as it is not restricted to the ratoon crop. The disease affects both plant and ratoon crops but its detrimental effect is more pronounced in the latter.
Ratoon Stunting Disease (RSD) was first identified as a disease (on a world basis) in Mackay in Caused by a bacterium that lives in the vascular system of the cane plant, the disease restricts the plant’s ability to carry water – leading to lower yields.
Consistent and focused disease management is needed to minimise RSD [ ]. Seed cane quality is determined by freedom from diseases and pests, varietal purity and germination capacity. The need to control diseases is the main reason for adopting a planned system of seedcane production.
The most serious diseases in South Africa are ratoon stunting disease (RSD. Steib RJ, Chilton SJP, Interrelationship studies of mosaic and ratoon stunting disease in sugarcane in Louisiana. Proceedings of the International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists, Steib RJ, Farrar LL, Forbes IL, Chilton SJP, Occurrence of the ratoon stunting disease in Louisiana and its control by use of hot air.
Ratoon Stunting Disease (Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli) History. The first report of ratoon stunting disease (RS) occurred in the s in Australia, and today its causal agent is found in all cane fields in Brazil and in the rest of the world (Steindl,Gillaspie and Teakle, ).
In Brazil, the disease was first described in Jul 05, · HISTORY Ratoon stunting disease was originally thought to be caused by virus (Steindl, ).
Association of bacterium with the disease was first reported in (Gillaspie et al., Maramorosch et al., Teakle et al.,). Bacterium was isolated in axenic culture and its causal role in the disease was verified (Davis et al.,).
Ratoon stunting disease (RSD) is one of the most economically damaging disease if not the most damaging to sugarcane worldwide with yield losses ranging from near zero to 30% or more depending on. Oct 11, · In order to scientifically control the spread and damage of sugarcane disease, enhancing the capabilities of disaster prevention and reduction and ensuring the quality of sugarcane variety and safety of sugarcane production in 20 diseases that commonly occur in sugarcane production are systematically described in this chapter with clear-colored Author: Ying-Kun Huang, Wen-Feng Li, Rong-Yue Zhang, Xiao-Yan Wang.
Yellowing of foliage is the first symptom to be noticed by a grower when the stalk or leaves are infected by the pathogen(s).; If Yellowing in germinated shoots is noticed, then it may be due to sett rot or red rot.; In case of sett rot, setts would be rotten with reddish discolouration of internal tissues and emitting a rotten pineapple odour.
Blackening of the affected setts would also. Apparently, the ratoon crop deserves much higher attention and care in the present scenario to boost the productivity of sugarcane. Introduction. Sugarcane is rightly called as 'wonder cane' owing to its versatile utility and the vast capability to meet the demands of the burgeoning population.
Hot-air treatment at 50° C. for 24 hours caused a reduction in the sugar yield per ton of cane in some of the 24 varieties studied. This averaged 1 i.2 1b. per ton in the plant crop, and lb. in the 1st ratoon. On the other hand, increases in cane tonnage through heat treatment were obtained in 77% of the plant crops and 86% of the 1st ratoons, the mean increments being and Cited by: 2.
Hot Water Treatment of seed cane against Ratoon Stunting Disease (RSD) at 50° C. For the Small, Medium and Larger Grower. This is the most cost effective and reliable way for individual growers, or small groups of farmers, to produce consistently high quality seedcane that is.
ratoon stunting disease* *. 20 II, Results of preliminary hot-air treatments for the con trol of ratoon stunting disease with four varieties of sugarcane. 22 III, Results of hot-air treatments on the variety C.P, for the control of ratoon stunting disease 24 IV.
Ratoon Stunting Disease (RSD) was discovered by BSES pathologists in It is now recognised worldwide as probably the most economically important disease of sugarcane. RSD is found in all districts in eastern Australia, but it has not been found in Western Australia.
The incidence of the disease is associated with the degree to which control. Sugarcane Ratoon Stunting Disease1 J.C.
Comstock and R.A. Gilbert2 1. This document is SS-AGR, one of a series of the Agronomy Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida.
ratoon stunting disease (RSD) is among the most serious characterized as a coryneform type based on the presence diseases of sugarcane and causes large losses of of septa (15). The Corynebacterium species recently have productivity in plants which show no obvious external been divided into five serological groups.
Only trc-music.comns.Ratoon stunting disease (RSD) of sugarcane, one of the most important diseases seriously affecting the productivity of sugarcane crops, was caused by the bacterial agent Leifsonia xyli subsp.
xyli (Lxx).A TaqMan probe-based real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assay was established in this study for the quantification of Lxx detection in sugarcane stalk trc-music.com by: 2.et al.
); sugarcane mosaic strain E; and ratoon stunting, caused by Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli Evtsuhenko et al. Ratoon stunting has probably been the most damaging, though the least visible, sugarcane disease in Florida.
A program to improve resistance of CP clones to ratoon stunting is underway (Comstock et al. ). In addition to.